Antalya and its surrounding region are rich in historical landmarks and ancient cities, offering a fascinating glimpse into the area’s storied past. Here are some of the historical sites and ancient cities you can explore in the Antalya region:
- Perge: Perge is an ancient city located about 18 kilometers east of Antalya. This well-preserved archaeological site offers a glimpse into the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine periods. Highlights include the impressive Roman theater, colonnaded streets, a stadium, and beautiful mosaics.
- Aspendos: Aspendos, located about 45 kilometers east of Antalya, is renowned for its remarkably preserved Roman theater. The theater is one of the best-preserved ancient theaters in the world and is still used for performances today. Additionally, you can explore the well-preserved aqueduct, basilica, and other ruins in the area.
- Termessos: Termessos is an ancient city situated in the Taurus Mountains, about 34 kilometers northwest of Antalya. Known for its stunning location and dramatic landscape, it offers a glimpse into an ancient Pisidian city. The city’s ruins, including the theater and agora, are set against a backdrop of rugged cliffs and forested hills.
- Olympos: Olympos is an ancient Lycian city located about 90 kilometers southwest of Antalya. It’s known for its fascinating ruins, including Roman baths, a theater, and a Byzantine church. The city is situated near a beautiful beach and is part of the Olympos Beydagları National Park.
- Phaselis: Phaselis is another ancient Lycian city with well-preserved ruins, including three harbors, an aqueduct, a theater, and various ancient structures. It’s located within a picturesque bay and is known for its historical and natural beauty.
- Side: The ancient city of Side is located about 75 kilometers east of Antalya. It boasts a well-preserved theater, Roman baths, temples, and a beautiful waterfront. Side is a popular destination for history enthusiasts and beach lovers alike.
- Arykanda: Arykanda is an ancient Lycian city nestled in the Taurus Mountains. It offers a unique opportunity to explore the ruins of a hillside city, including terraced houses, an agora, and a theater with breathtaking views of the surrounding valleys.
- Myra: Myra, located in the town of Demre, is famous for its rock-cut tombs and the Church of St. Nicholas (Santa Claus). Explore the well-preserved tombs and visit the church to learn about the historical and religious significance of the area.
- Simena (Kalekoy): Simena is a picturesque Lycian village located on the shores of the Mediterranean. It’s known for its impressive castle and ancient Lycian tombs. The village is accessible by boat and offers a unique historical and cultural experience.
These historical landmarks and ancient cities in the Antalya region provide a fascinating journey through time, allowing you to connect with the rich history of the area while enjoying its stunning natural beauty.